Do you want to have your writing featured in a nonpartisan student publication? Submit a pitch to Brown Political Review!
We will be accepting pitches until ***11:59 PM*** on March 12th 2017!
Our Special Feature topic for this Magazine will be “International Organizations.”
From The United Nations to the European Union, from MERCOSUR to the Alliance of Small Island States, international organizations are the fabric of international politics. Sovereign national governments choose to delegate power to these supranational bodies for a variety of reasons, but, no matter the purpose, such transfers of power are often controversial. The architects of international organizations no doubt envisioned that they could help nations tackle a wide range of problems, but these institutions are frequently ineffective, often having little ability to enforce their principled outlooks on the world. Yet in times of increasing global volatility, the stability of these organizations and their ability to facilitate negotiations is paramount to the security and prosperity of the world. In this edition, BPR explores both the ways international organizations serve the common good and the flaws that hold them back.
Example 1 of a pitch:
Summary: Since January, more than 57,000 Central Americans have reached the US-Mexico border with the hope of immigrating, many unaccompanied minors. In fact, 2014 has seen a 117% increase in apprehensions of children under the age of 12 attempting to cross the border alone. The implications of US immigration policy and the importance of reform, although not fully addressed, have not been disregarded in American public discourse; however, the roots of the issue are widely overlooked.
Aside from high unemployment rates and widespread poverty, Central American countries have four of the world’s five highest homicide rates. Much of the violence stems from the dominating presence of competing gangs, or maras, in the area. The origins of these groups, however, add irony to the immigration problem. Both the MS-13 and the Calle 18 were formed in Los Angeles by Central American immigrants in the 1980s to protect themselves from the established Mexican-American and African-American gangs that targeted them. When in the 90s federal prosecutors pushed the deportation of immigrants with criminal records, these groups transferred their influence to their homelands and expanded with the poor law enforcement.
The gang culture in the West coast can then be used to trace the emergence of violence in Central America and ultimately hold it partially responsible for the exodus now taking place. This examination can lead to a more nuanced understanding of the motivation for immigrating and a better approach to policy reform domestically.
Thesis: Much of the brutal violence in Central American countries is rooted in Los Angeles gang culture. The US should recognize its role in de-stabilizing the region and consider the environment of immigrants domestically in their approach to immigration reform.
Example 2 of a pitch:
Summary: When sports fan turn to watch their favorite teams, they focus on the field, the players, the commentary. They focus on the exciting stories and displays of human triumph. But behind the scenes, there is something much more exciting going on.
International Tax Policy.
This article aims to take a comparative view of governmental fiscal policy behind sports leagues. In particular, the article will examine the economics of the NFL and of European soccer. The difference between these industries, the two largest sports arenas in the world, is massive. While America’s football is a tax-exempt monopoly, in Europe, “football” teams face massive tax burdens and have to compete across oceans and borders to win profits. From these leagues, we can gain a great deal of insight on global and domestic fiscal policy. For example, what happens to French soccer when the socialist party raises taxes to 75%? How does the transfer market—the buying and selling of players by teams in different leagues—intersect with international trade? How does corporate lobbying, normally seen as deplorable, play out when huge numbers of fans come out in support of their favorite sports teams? And finally, are tax exemptions beneficial for sports leagues, and if so, when?
Thesis: As in other arenas, Europe and the United States diverge greatly in their fiscal policy towards athletic teams. While European leagues would benefit from a great deal of tax liberalization, the United States exempts their leagues at the detriment of fans.