Brazil’s Bolsa Família has dutifully served as the flagship of Brazilian social welfare since its christening in 2003. The conditional cash transfer program was captained by President Luiz Ignácio Lula de Silva, who himself was born into rural poverty. Lula’s place at the helm of Bolsa Família seemed to symbolize the passage of political power into the hands of the Brazilian citizenry. But today, as Lula fights […]

If the Nobel Prize in Literature was established to celebrate words that empower, then the Swedish Academy’s selection of Bob Dylan is long overdue. In the past fifty years, one would be hard pressed to find an individual — presidents and popes included — whose words have had a more profound societal impact than Dylan. With the scratchy spin of the vinyl and the crackling of the radio, he disseminated […]

On July 23, 2012,  Jehad Sadeq Aziz Salman and Ebrahim Ahmed Radi al-Moqdad took to the streets of the Bahraini capital Manama’s suburbs. The potent memories of the Arab Spring still lingered in the air of the suburb Bilad al-Qadeem, and, swept up in this fervor, Jehad and Ebrahim left home to take part in an anti-government protest. Just a few hours after they arrived at the protest, they were taken away by the police and never returned home. At […]

The legacy of foreign involvement in Afghanistan is both extensive and controversial. Whether referring to Soviet manipulation of the state during the Cold War or the continued American presence in the country — arguably the symbol of broken foreign policy promises by the Obama Administration — Afghanistan’s past has been shaped by outsiders. However, while discussion on the impact of intervention in Afghanistan is crucial to understanding the country’s place in the global system today, it is important to note […]

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